Ciao a tutti! Sono Taras.
- Chi sono? – Who am I?
- Chi sei? – Who are you?
- Chi è? – Who’s that/there?
Note: Chi pronounces as [ki]. Ch before vowel sounds as [k]. C before vowel sounds as [ch]
Okay, as we know from Lesson 1, Italian verbs are used in different forms for different pronouns. Happily there are only 3 types of verbs (we skip special cases for now) – ending on -are, -ere and -ire.
Verbs ending on -ARE. Parlare – 1st type verb
Today we gonna learn the conjunction rules for the first type of the verbs. First example will be parlare – to speak verb:
Parlare – singular and plural forms
- io parlo – I speak
- tu parli – you speak
- lei/lui parla – she/he speaks
- noi parliamo – we speak
- voi parlate – you speak
- noi parlano – they speak
The rule is easy – verb root parl- stays, ending changes. In English we also make corrections: I speak, He/she speaks. English is simpler.
Stress – in most italian words stress falls on the second syllable from the end: parlo, parli, parla, parliamo, parlate. BUT -ano in verbs is never under stress – parlano – stress shifts to the beginning.
- Io parlo l’Italiano! – I speak Italian!
- Parli l’Inglese? – Do you speak English?
Let’s do the same with couple more words – abitare (to live), studiare (to study) and amare (to love):
Abitare (to live)
- io abito – I live
- tu abiti – you live
- lei/lui abita – she/he lives
- noi abitiamo – we live
- voi abitate – you live
- loro abitano – they live
Studiare (to study)
- io studio – I study
- tu studi – you study
- lei/lui studia – she/he studies
- noi studiamo – we study
- voi studiate – you study
- loro studiano – they study
If a root has a necessary vowel in the end, we don’t need add another one: studiare – tu studi, NOT studii.
Amare (to love)
- io amo – I love
- tu ami – you love
- lei/lui ama – she/he loves
- noi amiamo – we love
- voi amate – you love
- loro amano – they love
(Stress is always on the second to last vowel: amo, ami, ama, amiamo, amate. Except -ano – stress shifts to beginning – amano).
Perfetto! We learned a lot today. More to learn next time.