Italian, Lesson 6: Verbs of 3rd type, -ire

Ciao a tutti! Sono Taras. È voi? – Hello everyone, I’m Taras. And you?

Mountains near Garda lake
Mountains near Garda lake

As we know from previous lesson 5, there are 3 type of verbs in Italian: ending on -are, -ere and -ire. Like parlare (to speak), scrivere (to write) and aprire (to open). Today we gonna learn how to transform the third type of verbs, ending on -ire.

Our today’s examples: partire (to leave), dormire (to sleep), aprire (to open).

Partire – to leave
  • io parto – I leave
  • tu parti – you leave (singular)
  • lui/lei parte – he/she leaves
  • noi partiamo – we leave
  • voi partite – you leave (plural)
  • loro partono – they leave

As usual, a second to the end vowel is always under stress, except partono, where the stress shifts back: parto, parti, parte, partiamo, partite, partono.

Dormire – to sleep
  • io dormo – I sleep
  • tu dormi – you sleep
  • lui/lei dorme – he/she sleeps
  • noi dormiamo – we sleep
  • voi dormite – you sleep (plural)
  • loro dormono – they sleep
Aprire – to open
  • io apro – I open
  • tu apri – you open
  • lui/lei apre – he/she opens
  • noi apriamo – we open
  • voi aprite – you open (plural)
  • loro aprono – they open

Words and grammar is never enough! To start speaking, we need to make sentences. Okay, they’ll be basic and silly statements and questions. But these are real sentences we can use:

  • Dormo ogni giorno – I sleep every day.
  • Lei dorme molto bene – She sleeps very well.
  • Tu dormi? – Do you sleep?
  • Non dormono – They don’t sleep.
  • Dormite? – Do you sleep? (plural, we skipped Voi: Voi dormite?)
  • Dormiamo poco – We sleep not much.
  • Dormiamo molto è dolce – We sleep a lot and sweet.
Mountains near Garda lake
Mountains near Garda lake

Theory is nothing without a practice. Take this verbs and modify them using the grammar rule we talked in Lesson 3: Type 1 verbs. -ARE. and Lesson 5: Type 2 verbs. -ERE. Then make some sentences. And let’s start talking :)

  • lavorare – to work
  • prendere – to take
  • guardare – to watch
  • offrire – to offer
  • telefonare – to call
  • sentire – to hear/to feel
  • cantare – to sing
  • cercare – to search
  • trovare – to find
  • credere – to believe
  • pensare – to think

Okay, I’ll practice too. Cantare is a verb of a first type, it ends on -ARE:

  • io canto – I sing
  • tu canti – you sing
  • lui/lei canta – he/she sings
  • noi cantiamo – we sing
  • voi cantate – you sing (plural)
  • loro cantano – they sing


  • Tu canti molto bene! – You sing very well!
  • Voi non cantiamo – We don’t sing
  • Loro cantano ogni sera – They sing every evening
  • Tu canti? Io non canto! – Do you sing? I don’t sing.

It’s enough for today. See the answers in Lesson 6, part 2.

Thanks for joining my Italian studies. Ciao!