All posts by rr-m

Italian, Lesson 10: Modal verbs, part 4. Sapere (know/know how/can)

Ciao a tutti! – Hiya all!

View from the Leaning Tower of Pisa
View from the Leaning Tower of Pisa

This is the last part about Italian modal verbs. But first let’s refresh our memory. We know 3 modal verbs (verbi modali) and theirs forms:

  • potere – can (posso, puoi, può, possiamo, potete, possono)
  • volere – want (voglio, vuoi, vuole, vogliamo, volete, vogliono)
  • dovere – must/have to (devo, devi, deve, dobbiamo, dovete, devono)

Today we’ll talk about fourth modal verb (or modal helper) – sapere (know/know how/can). Typical usage – we know and can do something well:

  • I can drive a car (I know how to)
  • I know how to cook

See, looks somehow similar to potere examples. But sapere and potere are different. Later we’ll see that. Continue reading

Italian, Lesson 8: Modal verbs, part 2. Volere (want)

Ciao a tutti! Sono Taras – Hi everybody, I’m Taras.

È voi? – And you?

Trevi Fountain in Rome
Trevi Fountain in Rome

Okay, as we know already, there are 3 modal verbs + 1 semi-modal helper in Italian:

  1. potere – can
  2. volere – want
  3. dovere – have to
  4. sapere – to know
Volere (want) – modal irregular verb
  • io voglio – I want ([v'olio] – see, no ‘g’ in transcription!)
  • tu vuoi – you want
  • lei/lui vuole – she/he wants
  • noi vogliamo – we want
  • voi volete – you want (plural)
  • loro vogliono – they want

Continue reading

Italian, Lesson 7: Modal verbs. Sentences with 2 verbs. Potere (can).

Ciao a tutti! – Hello all!

Mountains in Trentino
Mountains in Trentino

Last time we tried to learn 10 new verbs and all theirs forms. And, I know, it’s a lot of words, and it’s difficult. Happily, there’s a trick how to build sentences in Italian easily – sentences with modal verbs (Verbi Modali).

There are 3 modal verbs in Italian + 1 semi-modal helper:

  1. potere – can
  2. volere – want
  3. dovere – have to (obligation)
  4. sapere – to know (semi-modal)

Continue reading

Italian, Lesson 6: Verbs of 3rd type, -ire

Ciao a tutti! Sono Taras. È voi? – Hello everyone, I’m Taras. And you?

Mountains near Garda lake
Mountains near Garda lake

As we know from previous lesson 5, there are 3 type of verbs in Italian: ending on -are, -ere and -ire. Like parlare (to speak), scrivere (to write) and aprire (to open). Today we gonna learn how to transform the third type of verbs, ending on -ire.

Our today’s examples: partire (to leave), dormire (to sleep), aprire (to open).

Partire – to leave
  • io parto – I leave
  • tu parti – you leave (singular)
  • lui/lei parte – he/she leaves
  • noi partiamo – we leave
  • voi partite – you leave (plural)
  • loro partono – they leave

Continue reading

Italian, Lesson 5: Verbs of 2 type, -ere

Ciao a tutti! Sono professore d’Italiano :) He-he, I’m kidding.

Roman Forum
Roman Forum

As we know, verbs in italian change their’s form in conjunction with different pronouns. We already know how to change the verbs ending on -are: parlare, studiare, amare. But, not all italian verbs end on -are!

There are 3 types of verbs in Italian:

  1. ending on -are (parlare – to speak, studiare – to study, amare – to love)
  2. -ere (scrivere – to write, vivere – lo live, prendere – to take)
  3. -ire (partire – to leave, dormire – to sleep, aprire – to open)
  4. +irregular special cases. But they also end on -are, -ere and -ire.

Each type has it’s own transformation rules. And this is something that we need to remember.

Continue reading

Italian, Lesson 4: Languages

Ciao a tutti! Sono Taras. È voi? – Greetings all! I’m Taras. And you?

Coliseum from inside
Coliseum from inside
  • Oggi noi parliamo Italiano – Today we speak Italian
  • Oggi parliamo Italiano – Today we speak Italian

As usual we skipped noi (we) pronoun. By the parliamo ending the actor is clear – we. See Lesson 3 for the forms of parlare (to speak) verb.

We learned stress rules, and we gonna add some spelling today. And we’ll pick up few new words – name of different languages in Italian.

Lingue – Languages
  • Portoghese
  • Inglese

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Italian, Lesson 3: -are ending verbs

Ciao a tutti! Sono Taras.

  • Chi sono? – Who am I?
  • Chi sei? – Who are you?
  • Chi è? – Who’s that/there?

Note: Chi pronounces as [ki]. Ch before vowel sounds as [k]. before vowel sounds as [ch]

Okay, as we know from Lesson 1, Italian verbs are used in different forms for different pronouns. Happily there are only 3 types of verbs (we skip special cases for now) – ending on -are, -ere and -ire.

Verbs ending on -ARE. Parlare – 1st type verb

Today we gonna learn the conjunction rules for the first type of the verbs. First example will be parlareto speak verb:

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Italian, Lesson 2: Essere – questions and answers

Piazza Venezia in Rome
Piazza Venezia in Rome

Ciao a tutti! Hi everybody!

Last time we learned pronouns and essere (to be) verb. Let’s try to make statements, questions and answers with them.

Skip pronouns!

In English we generally need both pronoun + verb in a sentence:

  • I am Joe, You are Bill, She is Carol, They are Mary, Ann and Jack.

In Italian (Italiano), pronouns are often skipped. Of course, you can say:

  • Io sono Joe, Tu sei Bill, Lei è Carol, Loro sono Mary, Ann è Jack.

But, as a rule, you just use verbs – by the form of a verb it’s clear who are you talking about:

  • Sono Pepe – I am Pepe

Continue reading