Input: Old Canon pocket camera + CHDK firmware add-on on SDCard
Ciao a tutti! – Hiya all!
This is the last part about Italian modal verbs. But first let’s refresh our memory. We know 3 modal verbs (verbi modali) and theirs forms:
- potere – can (posso, puoi, può, possiamo, potete, possono)
- volere – want (voglio, vuoi, vuole, vogliamo, volete, vogliono)
- dovere – must/have to (devo, devi, deve, dobbiamo, dovete, devono)
Today we’ll talk about fourth modal verb (or modal helper) – sapere (know/know how/can). Typical usage – we know and can do something well:
- I can drive a car (I know how to)
- I know how to cook
See, looks somehow similar to potere examples. But sapere and potere are different. Later we’ll see that. Continue reading
Ciao a tutti! Sono Taras – Hi everybody, I’m Taras.
È voi? – And you?
Okay, as we know already, there are 3 modal verbs + 1 semi-modal helper in Italian:
- potere – can
- volere – want
- dovere – have to
- sapere – to know
Volere (want) – modal irregular verb
- io voglio – I want ([v'olio] – see, no ‘g’ in transcription!)
- tu vuoi – you want
- lei/lui vuole – she/he wants
- noi vogliamo – we want
- voi volete – you want (plural)
- loro vogliono – they want
Ciao a tutti! – Hello all!
Last time we tried to learn 10 new verbs and all theirs forms. And, I know, it’s a lot of words, and it’s difficult. Happily, there’s a trick how to build sentences in Italian easily – sentences with modal verbs (Verbi Modali).
There are 3 modal verbs in Italian + 1 semi-modal helper:
- potere – can
- volere – want
- dovere – have to (obligation)
- sapere – to know (semi-modal)
Here you’ll find all verbs from Lesson 6 – answers for the homework. Reference tables only.
Lavorare (to work, verb of 1st type)
- io lavoro – I work
- tu lavori – you work (singular)
- lui/lei lavora – he/she works
- noi lavoriamo – we work
- voi lavorate – you work
- loro lavorano – they work
Ciao a tutti! Sono Taras. È voi? – Hello everyone, I’m Taras. And you?
As we know from previous lesson 5, there are 3 type of verbs in Italian: ending on -are, -ere and -ire. Like parlare (to speak), scrivere (to write) and aprire (to open). Today we gonna learn how to transform the third type of verbs, ending on -ire.
Our today’s examples: partire (to leave), dormire (to sleep), aprire (to open).
Partire – to leave
- io parto – I leave
- tu parti – you leave (singular)
- lui/lei parte – he/she leaves
- noi partiamo – we leave
- voi partite – you leave (plural)
- loro partono – they leave
Ciao a tutti! Sono professore d’Italiano :) He-he, I’m kidding.
As we know, verbs in italian change their’s form in conjunction with different pronouns. We already know how to change the verbs ending on -are: parlare, studiare, amare. But, not all italian verbs end on -are!
There are 3 types of verbs in Italian:
- ending on -are (parlare – to speak, studiare – to study, amare – to love)
- -ere (scrivere – to write, vivere – lo live, prendere – to take)
- -ire (partire – to leave, dormire – to sleep, aprire – to open)
- +irregular special cases. But they also end on -are, -ere and -ire.
Each type has it’s own transformation rules. And this is something that we need to remember.
Ciao a tutti! Sono Taras. È voi? – Greetings all! I’m Taras. And you?
- Oggi noi parliamo Italiano – Today we speak Italian
- Oggi parliamo Italiano – Today we speak Italian
As usual we skipped noi (we) pronoun. By the parliamo ending the actor is clear – we. See Lesson 3 for the forms of parlare (to speak) verb.
We learned stress rules, and we gonna add some spelling today. And we’ll pick up few new words – name of different languages in Italian.
Lingue – Languages
Ciao a tutti! Sono Taras.
- Chi sono? – Who am I?
- Chi sei? – Who are you?
- Chi è? – Who’s that/there?
Note: Chi pronounces as [ki]. Ch before vowel sounds as [k]. C before vowel sounds as [ch]
Okay, as we know from Lesson 1, Italian verbs are used in different forms for different pronouns. Happily there are only 3 types of verbs (we skip special cases for now) – ending on -are, -ere and -ire.
Verbs ending on -ARE. Parlare – 1st type verb
Today we gonna learn the conjunction rules for the first type of the verbs. First example will be parlare – to speak verb: