Italian, Lesson 8: Modal verbs, part 2. Volere (want)

Ciao a tutti! Sono Taras – Hi everybody, I’m Taras.

È voi? – And you?

Trevi Fountain in Rome
Trevi Fountain in Rome

Okay, as we know already, there are 3 modal verbs + 1 semi-modal helper in Italian:

  1. potere – can
  2. volere – want
  3. dovere – have to
  4. sapere – to know
Volere (want) – modal irregular verb
  • io voglio – I want ([v'olio] – see, no ‘g’ in transcription!)
  • tu vuoi – you want
  • lei/lui vuole – she/he wants
  • noi vogliamo – we want
  • voi volete – you want (plural)
  • loro vogliono – they want

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Italian, Lesson 7: Modal verbs. Sentences with 2 verbs. Potere (can).

Ciao a tutti! – Hello all!

Mountains in Trentino
Mountains in Trentino

Last time we tried to learn 10 new verbs and all theirs forms. And, I know, it’s a lot of words, and it’s difficult. Happily, there’s a trick how to build sentences in Italian easily – sentences with modal verbs (Verbi Modali).

There are 3 modal verbs in Italian + 1 semi-modal helper:

  1. potere – can
  2. volere – want
  3. dovere – have to (obligation)
  4. sapere – to know (semi-modal)

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Italian, Lesson 6: Verbs of 3rd type, -ire

Ciao a tutti! Sono Taras. È voi? – Hello everyone, I’m Taras. And you?

Mountains near Garda lake
Mountains near Garda lake

As we know from previous lesson 5, there are 3 type of verbs in Italian: ending on -are, -ere and -ire. Like parlare (to speak), scrivere (to write) and aprire (to open). Today we gonna learn how to transform the third type of verbs, ending on -ire.

Our today’s examples: partire (to leave), dormire (to sleep), aprire (to open).

Partire – to leave
  • io parto – I leave
  • tu parti – you leave (singular)
  • lui/lei parte – he/she leaves
  • noi partiamo – we leave
  • voi partite – you leave (plural)
  • loro partono – they leave

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Italian, Lesson 5: Verbs of 2 type, -ere

Ciao a tutti! Sono professore d’Italiano :) He-he, I’m kidding.

Roman Forum
Roman Forum

As we know, verbs in italian change their’s form in conjunction with different pronouns. We already know how to change the verbs ending on -are: parlare, studiare, amare. But, not all italian verbs end on -are!

There are 3 types of verbs in Italian:

  1. ending on -are (parlare – to speak, studiare – to study, amare – to love)
  2. -ere (scrivere – to write, vivere – lo live, prendere – to take)
  3. -ire (partire – to leave, dormire – to sleep, aprire – to open)
  4. +irregular special cases. But they also end on -are, -ere and -ire.

Each type has it’s own transformation rules. And this is something that we need to remember.

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Italian, Lesson 4: Languages

Ciao a tutti! Sono Taras. È voi? – Greetings all! I’m Taras. And you?

Coliseum from inside
Coliseum from inside
  • Oggi noi parliamo Italiano – Today we speak Italian
  • Oggi parliamo Italiano – Today we speak Italian

As usual we skipped noi (we) pronoun. By the parliamo ending the actor is clear – we. See Lesson 3 for the forms of parlare (to speak) verb.

We learned stress rules, and we gonna add some spelling today. And we’ll pick up few new words – name of different languages in Italian.

Lingue – Languages
  • Portoghese
  • Inglese

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Italian, Lesson 3: -are ending verbs

Ciao a tutti! Sono Taras.

  • Chi sono? – Who am I?
  • Chi sei? – Who are you?
  • Chi è? – Who’s that/there?

Note: Chi pronounces as [ki]. Ch before vowel sounds as [k]. before vowel sounds as [ch]

Okay, as we know from Lesson 1, Italian verbs are used in different forms for different pronouns. Happily there are only 3 types of verbs (we skip special cases for now) – ending on -are, -ere and -ire.

Verbs ending on -ARE. Parlare – 1st type verb

Today we gonna learn the conjunction rules for the first type of the verbs. First example will be parlareto speak verb:

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Italian, Lesson 2: Essere – questions and answers

Piazza Venezia in Rome
Piazza Venezia in Rome

Ciao a tutti! Hi everybody!

Last time we learned pronouns and essere (to be) verb. Let’s try to make statements, questions and answers with them.

Skip pronouns!

In English we generally need both pronoun + verb in a sentence:

  • I am Joe, You are Bill, She is Carol, They are Mary, Ann and Jack.

In Italian (Italiano), pronouns are often skipped. Of course, you can say:

  • Io sono Joe, Tu sei Bill, Lei è Carol, Loro sono Mary, Ann è Jack.

But, as a rule, you just use verbs – by the form of a verb it’s clear who are you talking about:

  • Sono Pepe – I am Pepe

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Italian, Lesson 1: Pronouns

Howdy, all?

Piazza Venezia in Rome, The Vittoriano
Piazza Venezia in Rome, The Vittoriano

I decided to move some of my handwritten notes on Italian studies to the blog, in case I lose my papers. There will be 15-20 short lessons – the very essence of Italian grammar, absolute minimum you should know to start speaking. I know, it’s not easy to start. But if you reach Lesson 7 (modal verbs), you’ll be able to build really a lot of phrases yourself.

We’re starting from pronouns and to be verb.

Italian pronouns – singular
  • I – io (sounds like ‘yo, man!’, but sofffffter – jio)
  • you – tu (informal)
  • she – lei
  • he – lui
  • you – lei (formal or polite way)
Italian pronouns – plural
  • we – noi (sounds like n + Oi-oi-oi! in songs)

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